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Facts about gender based violence in the Middle East
Over 133 million girls and women in 29 countries in the Middle East and Africa have experienced some form of FGM/C. Source: UN Women, Facts and Figures: Ending Violence against Women. 2013.
The evidence base on the physical health complications of FGC/FGM, which covers over half a century of research from more than 20 countries in Africa and beyond, shows that FGC/FGM is associated with an increased risk of urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, painful sexual intercourse and obstetric difficulties. Source: Effects of female genital cutting on physical health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Rigmor C Berg et al. 2014
Girls who undergo FGM/C generally experience extreme physical and psychological pain, as well as prolonged bleeding, infection (including HIV), infertility, complications during pregnancy, and death. Source: UN Women, Facts and Figures: Ending Violence against Women. 2013.