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Facts about gender based violence in Africa
Over 133 million girls and women in 29 countries in the Middle East and Africa have experienced some form of FGM/C. Source: UN Women, Facts and Figures: Ending Violence against Women. 2013.
The evidence base on the physical health complications of FGC/FGM, which covers over half a century of research from more than 20 countries in Africa and beyond, shows that FGC/FGM is associated with an increased risk of urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, painful sexual intercourse and obstetric difficulties. Source: Effects of female genital cutting on physical health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Rigmor C Berg et al. 2014
Girls who undergo FGM/C generally experience extreme physical and psychological pain, as well as prolonged bleeding, infection (including HIV), infertility, complications during pregnancy, and death. Source: UN Women, Facts and Figures: Ending Violence against Women. 2013.
In Ethiopia and parts of West Africa, marriage at the age of 7 or 8 years is not uncommon. In Nigeria, the mean age at first marriage is 17 years, but in the Kebbi State of northern Nigeria, the average age at first marriage is just over 11 years. Source: UNICEF Innocenti Research Center. Early marriage: child spouses. Innocenti Digest, 2001, No. 7.